IoT Operating Systems - javatpoint
IoT Operating Systems with OS Tutorial, Types of OS, Process Management, Attributes of a Process, CPU Scheduling, FCFS with overhead, FCFS Scheduling etc.

IoT Operating Systems - javatpoint

An operating system is any computer's brain and nervous systems, such as laptops, smartphones, and servers. The operating system is responsible for controlling an application's software and hardware by assigning all resources such as processing, memory, and storage. The operating system has both open-source and commercial versions.

IoT operating systems are created to perform well within the limits of small IoT devices. If there was no OS, each application would have to have its own user interface and codebase to handle the nitty-gritty of the underlying computer. In this article, you will learn the best IoT operating systems. But before discussing the best IoT operating system, you must know about the IoT operating system.

IoT operating systems enable users to perform basic computer activities on an internet-connected device. IoT OSs run on IoT devices and connects to a larger network of devices. These operating systems offer computer-like capabilities by providing memory and data storage processing capability. These systems may run and process any program that is installed on the device. Operating systems for IoT devices communicate with IoT device management software.

There are various best IoT operating systems available today. Some of the best IoT operating systems are as follows:

TinyOS is a component-based open-source OS. TinyOS's fundamental language is nesC, a version of the C programming language. It is designed for wireless sensor networks. TinyOS is very popular among developers because to its memory optimization capabilities. TinyOS includes a component that neutralizes some IoT system abstractions, such as sensing, packet transmission, routing, etc. TinyOS Alliance is the developer group for this IoT Operating System.

It began as a Google Code project that a small group could only write of core developers. However, it has shifted to GitHub since 2013, where it is more available to the open-source community and receives at least 35,000 downloads per year.

There are various advantages and disadvantages of TinyOS. Some advantages and disadvantages of TinyOS are as follows:

Advantages

Disadvantages

Contiki is a free and open-source operating system for connecting low-power, low-cost microcontrollers to the internet and a toolbox for creating complicated wireless systems.

Contiki is designed to adhere to the highest Internet standards, such as full support for IPv4 and IPv6. It's written in C language to provide a rapid programming environment in a single download, and it includes an active community to make any user feel at ease.

There are various advantages and disadvantages of Contiki. Some advantages and disadvantages of Contiki are as follows:

Advantages

Disadvantages

It is a free, open-source IoT OS that is backed by a supportive development community. It is designed to provide IoT services and is released under an unclonable GNU Lesser General Public License. The community, which is commonly known as the Linux of the IoT world, is made up of academics, programmers, and enthusiasts. RIOT is a low-power operating system based on microkernel architecture and the C and C++ programming languages.

It supports full multithreading and SSL/TLS libraries, including wolfSSL, and runs on 8-bit, 16-bit, and 32-bit processors. RIOT is provided with a port that enables it to execute as Linux or macOS processes and support single board computers and IoT devices. Other characteristics include partial POSIX compliance, TCP, content-centric networking, UDP, and CoAp network protocols. It provides IoT devices and microcontroller designs with security, connectivity, privacy, and durability.

RIOT is possibly the only operating system with a robust community spread over numerous platforms such as Twitter, Mastodon, Hackster.io, Discourse, YouTube, and GitHub.

There are various features of RIOT. Some features of RIOT OS are as follows:

It's a robust version of Ubuntu and Linux's most popular distro that is specifically designed for huge container deployments and IoT devices. It was developed by Canonical to use a similar kernel, system software, and libraries as Ubuntu, but on a smaller scale. It is used to digital signs, power robots, gateways, and other devices. It may be used to create a secure embedded Linux for IoT devices.

All of its components have been verified in order to create immutable packages and durable digital signatures. It is a simple and enterprise-ready design.

There are various features of Ubuntu Core. Some features of ubuntu Core are as follows:

It is a real-time, open-source operating system developed by Google for IoT devices. Fuchsia is based on the Zircon kernel. It is a microkernel-based operating system that combines effective networking solutions and can run on low-power devices. Using Node.js on the OS ensures that the application will run on tablets, phones, and IoT devices. It employs a card-based design for user interfaces for multiple app management and the Flutter software development kit for user interfaces and apps.

There are various features of Fuchsia OS. Some features of Fuchsia OS are as follows:

It is a Windows 10 family member that brings enterprise-class features, security, and manageability to the Internet of Things. It uses Windows' embedded experience, ecosystem, and cloud connectivity to help organizations to establish their Internet of Things with secure devices that can be swiftly deployed, managed, and linked into a wider cloud strategy. It doesn't work with Cortana or FileOpenPicker, which are included in Windows 10.

The Windows 10 IoT operating system divides into two parts:

There are various features of Windows 10 IoT. Some features of Windows 10 IoT are as follows:

It's an open and flexible operating system designed to meet the demands of the connected device ecosystem. It was created in 2011 and is suitable for both mobile and small embedded systems. Its kernel type is monolithic and lightweight compared to the androids operating system.

Tizen is a Linux-based free mobile and connected device OS that is available in variants for tablets, automobiles, smartphones, TVs, and wearables. The OS provides a fast and secure user interface that enables developers to create apps that run directly on top of the hardware without the need for any custom ROMs or modifications.

Tizen also offers a platform that allows app developers to create applications quickly. Tizen supports the Exynos 5410 or 5420 processor architectures and the Mali G52 or Cuda M1 GPUs. It also supports non-volatile storage and read/write capabilities for applications stored on non-volatile storage devices. The Tizen community always comprises people who collaborate on the operating system.

There are various features of Tizen. Some features of Tizen Os are as follows:

Android Things is an OS that Google develops for the IoT and embedded devices. Previously, it was named Brillo. It's built on top of Android, which is based on the Linux kernel. It also has support for multitasking and virtual memory. It may run on very little power and also has Wi-Fi and Bluetooth capabilities. It's designed to fit on devices with a small memory footprint, although it needs a minimum of 512 MB RAM. Therefore, Android Things is aimed at a different IoT market than the microcontroller-based IoT devices.

Android Things will make it easier for Android developers to create IoT apps. They may use Android Studio, Android SDK, Google Play Services, Firebase, and Google Cloud, which are all familiar tools and interfaces. Kotlin and RxJava are two Android libraries that may be used to build the applications. Google also certifies compatible System-on-Modules (SoMs) and makes the Board Support Package available (BSP). Android Things Console would allow managed firmware and application updates to IoT devices.

There are various features of Android Things. Some features of the Android things are as follows:

OpenWrt OS is based on the Linux kernel that is mainly used on embedded devices to route network traffic. It's a full wireless networking solution for devices that support the 802.11n standard.

It is designed and developed by a German-based multinational community. It is the best choice for many IoT app developers since it provides a stable and trustworthy framework for building the most advanced embedded systems.

A command-line or web interface is used to configure OpenWrt (LuCI). The opkg package management system has roughly 3500 optional software packages accessible for installation. It may run on several types of devices like residential gateways, pocket computers, smartphones, and CPE routers. It may also be installed on personal PCs and laptops.

The main benefit of this OS over other platforms is that it supports conventional hardware. It provides access to a strong cross-platform application stack and a user-friendly interface. Its routers are open and flexible, allowing developers to add additional wireless and wired networking hardware components. Unlike the proprietary OS's, it doesn't need users to reset their computers to factory settings after scaling their networks.

There are various features of the OpenWrt operating system. Some features of the OpenWrt operating system are as follows:

Mbed OS is a free, open-source operating system known for its use of an ARM CPU and a wide range of connectivity options, including WiFi and Bluetooth. Mbed OS' layered security protocols are making it so enticing to developers who want to start working on IoT applications.

With the Mbed Operating system, you may write IoT software in C++ using the free online IDE, compile it with the Arm C/C++ Compiler, and run it on various hardware platforms. One advantage of Mbed OS for developers is that it maintains their code clean and portable, allowing those to create prototype IoT apps using ARM cortex M-based devices.

There are various features of the Mbed operating system. Some features of the Mbed operating system are as follows:

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